Emma D. Mann was one of forty-one public school
teachers who died at the Iroquois Theater. Her
niece, fourteen year old Olive E. Squire, was also
among the fatalities. There is nothing in
1903-4 newspapers to suggest that Emma and Olive
attended the theater together but nothing to
indicate who else was in either of their theater
parties. It is possible that Kitty Mann Squire,
Olive's mother and Emma's sister, was also in the party
Emma Mann and Kitty Mann Squire
are thought to have been the Alabama-born daughters of
German immigrant Lewis Mann and Vermont native, Elizabeth Jones
Mann, married in 1852 in Chambers, Alabama.
The Mann's had six children, of which four were
still living in 1870. Lewis did not live with
the family after 1860 so I spent some fruitless time
trying to find him in Civil War records.
Elizabeth and her children settled in Chicago by
In Kitty Squire's immediate family was
her husband, Oscar, whom she married in 1882, their daughter Olive, and two sons,
Bruce and Robert. Two children died in infancy
and early childhood, Hazel at two months of age in
1883 and Ralph as a toddler a decade later.
Both Olive's and Emma's bodies were
found at Rolston's funeral home. Emma and
Kitty's brother, hat salesman Louis T. Mann
(1858-1922), identified Emma's body while Oscar
identified Olive's. Another report stated that
Emma's body was identified by a fellow teacher,
Miriam I. Shoyer of the William H. Byford School on
Iowa Street. Multiple body identifiers were
common, sometimes because many people searched for
their loved ones in groups and officials noted
multiple party members, other times because there
were multiple groups of searchers for a given
Olive's funeral was held on
January 3, 1904 at the Centenary Methodist Episcopal
church on West Monroe St. (razed in 1934).
Morton Hartzell was the pastor then but it hasn't
been verified that he conducted Olive's service.
Burial was probably at Rosehill Cemetery In
Chicago. Presumably there was a double funeral
for Emma and Olive but that is not confirmed.
Also living in Chicago who would have attended the
funerals was Emma and Kitty's other sister and her
family, Dr. Charles and Mary E. Mann Pruyn,
possibly brothers of Oscar – William, Charles,
Harry, Earl, John and Louis, and sisters Grace and
Early newspaper reports
included a seven-year-old "Oscar Squire" in lists of
the dead and missing but Olive didn't have a younger
brother, nor was I able to find evidence of a cousin
by that name. The coroner did not include the
child in inquest records, either so I have not added
his name to the list of victims.
Iroquois Theater fatality
E. Squire (1889–1903)
Olive was a student at the James Blaine school.
One of her fellow students at Blaine, who also
lost his life at the Iroquois Theater, was
Iroquois Theater fatality
Emma D. Mann
Thirty-nine-year-old Emma been teaching for ten years. In
1903 she served as a special study's teacher
at an annual salary of $1,400. She was one
of four city-wide music supervisors (see
accompanying box describing her role at one
Chicago holiday gathering). She also
served as a drawing instructor. In April of 1902 there had been
talk of dismissing seventeen "special teachers"
in Chicago's system but Emma was one of eight
retained, possibly because she could teach both
music and drawing.
Unmarried, Emma boarded at 1388 Washington Blvd.
Olive's brother, nineteen year old
Robert W. Squire
In 1903 Robert worked as a clerk for the Chicago
Tribune newspaper. By 1910 he became a
salesman in a department store and would remain
in retail thereafter. That year he also
married Florence Hopp with whom he had three
children. By 1920 the family settled in
Olive's other brother, sixteen-year-old
Bruce followed his older brother into retail.
In 1917 he married Rosette Morel with whom he
had two children.
Olive's father, forty-six-year-old bookkeeper
Oscar worked as a bookkeeper. He and Kitty
married in 1882. The man kept such a low
profile that he could have been in witness
protection. Maybe he was too busy earning
a living and scrimping to do much else - the
family owned their home at
942 Cuyler Avenue in Chicago,
no small feat for a working family then.
Olive's mother and Emma's
"Kitty" "Kate" Mann Squire (1859–)
Wilhelmina sometimes went by Kate and other
times by Kitty. She attended Northwestern
University in Chicago in 1874-1876, uncommon for
a woman then. After 1910 she disappeared
from census reports and I found no evidence of remarriage
I could definitely tie to her. Another woman
named Katherine C. Squire, who may have been
Kitty's sister-in-law, wife of the late Louis
Squire, Oscar's brother, died with her ten year
old son Harold in a trainwreck in Durand,
Michigan in August, 1910. She and the boy
were in the Nebraska Pullman car of an
east-bound train that was stopped on the track
for brief maintenance. It was rear ended by
another train. Ironically, the Pullman was
set afire by the oncoming locomotive, instantly
burning to death seven passengers badly enough
to make identification nearly impossible.
Chicago's July 4, 1902
statue unveiling and patriotic celebration
Emma Mann had led a group
of seven hundred school children in
patriotic song in conjunction with the
unveiling of a new city fountain at
Independence Square at the corner of Douglas
Park and Garfield Blvd in Chicago. Illinois
governor Richard Yates addressed the crowd
and uncovered the ten foot high granite and
bronze sculpture by Charles Mulligan
featuring four children with a flag, drum,
bugle and noisemakers atop the Liberty Bell.
In addition to the governor, the ceremony
included orations, bands, the DAR and SAR,
and a forty-five-gun salute (one shot for each of
states). Sculptor Mulligan was on
hand, along with artist Loredo Taft who a
decade later sculpt
a memorial to Iroquois Theater victims.
It is likely that several of the children he
heard sing at the 1902 celebration, probably
including Olive Squire, along
with their conductor, Emma Mann, were among those
honored by his
Emma led the
Columbia, the Gem of the Ocean a
popular patriotic tune during the Civil War
and until the Star Spangled Banner became
designated in 1931 as the national anthem.
Wikipedia offers the lyrics and information
about the tune's history.